Keynote Speakers

2016 Keynote Speakers:


Professor Peter Sandborn

Dr. Sandborn is a Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Maryland and member of the Center for Advanced Life Cycle Engineering (CALCE).  Dr. Sandborn is also the Director of the Maryland Technology Enterprise Institute (Mtech), which is home to all the incubators and entrepreneurship programs at the University of Maryland.  Dr. Sandborn’s research interests include: technology obsolescence management (DMSMS), prognostics and health management, technology tradeoff analysis, parts selection and management, and system life-cycle and risk economics.  He has done work on return on investment, design for availability, outcome-based contract design, and maintenance optimization for aerospace and control systems, and wind turbines.  He is a Fellow of the IEEE and ASME.

Outcome-based contracts – towards concurrently designing products and contracts

Peter Sandborn, Amir Kashani-Pour, Navid Goudarzi, Xin Lei    

Outcome-based contracts that pay for effectiveness and penalize performance shortcomings have been introduced to incentivize cost reduction efforts on the contractor side of product service systems (PSSs).  Outcome-based contracting concepts are being used for PSS acquisitions in healthcare, energy, military systems and infrastructure. These contracts allow customers to pay only for the specific outcomes achieved (e.g., availability) rather than the workmanship and materials delivered.
Given the rise in interest in outcome-based contracts, it is incumbent upon the through-life engineering services (TES) community to determine how to design systems (including designing the sustainment of systems) to operate under these contract mechanisms, and to ultimately coordinate the system design with the design of the contract terms.  Furthermore, sustainment decisions made under outcome-based contracts must target the optimum action for the population of systems managed under the contract, rather than the optimum action for an individual system.  Today, outcome-based contract design is always performed separate from the engineering and TES design processes, and provided as a requirement to the design process. This approach creates significant risks for all parties. For systems managed under outcome-based contracts, contract failure may mean significant money is spent by the customer (potentially the public) for either no outcome or inadequate outcome, or result in the contractor being driven out of business, which can lead to disaster for both parties.


Professor Peter Cawley

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Imperial College, London SW7 2AZ, UK.

Peter Cawley received BSc and PhD degrees in Mechanical Engineering from University of Bristol in 1975 and 1979 respectively.
He worked in industry from 1979-1981 and then joined the Mechanical Engineering Department at Imperial College, London initially as a lecturer and then successively senior lecturer, reader and professor. He is now head of the Imperial College Mechanical Engineering department and leads the NDE research group; he is also the principal investigator of the UK Research Centre for NDE (RCNDE) that has its head office at Imperial College. He has published over 180 refereed journal papers and a similar number of conference papers in this field and holds 4 current patents.
Peter Cawley is a fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering and of the Royal Society. He is a director of two spin-out companies set up to exploit technology developed in his research group (Guided Ultrasonics Ltd and Permasense Ltd, both of which supply inspection and monitoring equipment to the petrochemical and other industries), and he is a consultant to a variety of industries.

Advances in In-Service NDT and Monitoring

Peter Cawley
UK Research Centre in NDE (RCNDE)
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Imperial College London

Plant availability is an increasingly important concern and it is highly desirable to extend service and inspection intervals. If conventional NDT is used, this means that it is necessary to detect smaller defects in order to ensure that they will not propagate to failure in the extended period before the next outage. An attractive alternative is replace traditional NDT with a permanently installed monitoring system that can either be interrogated on demand by connecting a test instrument or, if the electronics is sufficiently cheap and robust, can send data at regular intervals. The decreasing cost of electronics, coupled with low power wireless systems and long-life batteries mean that it is increasingly possible to provide regular data-to-desk for operators. However, this stream of data can overwhelm operators who are used to manual interpretation, so it must be analysed automatically to highlight areas of concern that the operator should investigate further. This paper will discuss the trend from periodic inspection to continuous monitoring and describe a data analysis framework that allows the performance of an installed monitoring system to be assessed, and for data collection frequencies for a given defect detection requirement to be specified. The framework will be illustrated with data from a guided wave pipe monitoring system, but the methodology is applicable to different sensor systems.

Professor Robert Gao

Robert Gao is the Cady Staley Professor of Engineering and Department Chair of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio, USA. Since receiving his Ph.D. from the Technical University of Berlin, Germany in 1991, he has been working on physics-based sensing methodology, design, modeling, and characterization of instrumentation systems, multi-resolution signal analysis, and energy-efficient sensor networks for improving the observability of systems and processes and understanding the underlying physical mechanisms. He is an author of over 300 technical papers in journals and conference proceedings, and a recipient of multiple honors and awards, including the IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Society’s Technical Award, multiple Best Paper awards, Outstanding Faculty awards, Research Excellence award, and NSF CAREER award.  He is a Fellow of the IEEE, SME, and ASME, a Distinguished Lecturer of the IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Society, and a Corresponding Member of the Connecticut Academy of Science and Engineering.

Through Life Analysis for Machine Tools: from Design to Remanufacture

Robert X. Gao and Peng Wang
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA

Increasing awareness of environmental burden calls for a sensible transition of manufacturing from the traditional mode where products have only one cycle of service life after being produced to a sustainable mode where multiple cycles of service life are enabled through material recovery, reuse, and remanufacture. As both the means for product generation and a product of modern manufacturing processes, machine tools have been increasingly viewed as a critical element for improving through life and consequently, sustainability. This presentation examines the life cycles of machine tools and technological advancement in improving the life cycle of machine tools. A life cycle is defined as starting from the design, proceeding through the stages of manufacturing and usage, and completing by the end of the service life. Modular design techniques that facilitate the manufacture and assembly of machine tools and analytical methods for reliable machine state estimation and remaining service life prediction are reviewed.  Extension beyond completion of the first service life is enabled by recover and recycle of material from worn/broken machines, and redesign methods that reduce the amount of new materials to be used for making the same product in the subsequent re-manufacturing processes to ultimately realize materials reuse. Opportunities and challenges for sustainable manufacturing in the context of cloud manufacturing are also highlighted.

Professor Andy Doherty

Andy Doherty is the Chief Rail Technology Officer for Network Rail, providing the vision and leadership to its technology strategy, and leading Engineering interaction with the UK railway industry and within the European railway sphere. Andy is chair of the UK Vehicle Track System Interface Committee, and a member of the cross industry Technical Strategy Leadership Group. Andy is chair of a number of European Associations and Committees; he represents the entire European railway operating community as the Chair of ERRAC (European Rail Research Advisory Group) and with the ERA (European Railway Agency) as chair of the Group of Representative Bodies in Interoperability and Standardisation issues.

Andy was elected a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineers 2014, he is an Electrical Systems Engineer, with expertise in; the railway system, rolling stock design, the mechanical interface between the train and track, transmission based signalling systems such ETCS and electro magnetic compatibility. Andy is a Visiting Professor at Cranfield, and Southampton Universities

Previously Andy was the chair of the Network Rail Acceptance Panel for some 9 years, setting policy and approval of all Systems and Products used by Network Rail, and has held a number of senior roles in London Underground, including; Project Director and Engineer for the upgrade of the Central and Northern Lines and the conversion of the Underground to Driver Only Operation project.

The Challenges and Opportunities of Whole Life Engineering Design in Big Asset Organisations

Big asset based organisations like Network Rail face a significant challenge to justify an Asset Management Strategy based on a whole life renewal and replacement policy. In this speech I will describe the NR process and policy for whole/through life asset management, together with our plans to develop the railway and its assets to meet the UK needs for greater capacity and reliable performance through a targeted Research and Technology development plan. I will then focus on the 'tricky bit'; which is innovation in a better railway, with very significant numbers of new assets needs to be funded. But how, in many cases the new assets are more expensive as a first cost but have a lower whole life cost, how does a big government type body raise the funds to do this, when money is tight?


David Benbow

David is a Chartered Engineer and Fellow of the Institute of Mechanical Engineers.  In his current role he is accountable for developing the engineering capability that underpins the safety and reliability of Rolls-Royce products in service.  Before taking up this role in 2012 David held engineering leadership positions in reactor core design, research and technology, control systems and civil large engine development.  He is currently co-chairing a group who are developing a national strategy for through-life engineering services.

To the Moon & Back Twenty Times

The presentation will consider the through-life engineering challenges for large civil aero gas turbine engines.  An overview of how Rolls-Royce has developed its design and development methodology to meet these challenges will be given.   The improvements in engine reliability and maturity achieved using these techniques will be shown.  Finally the need for a national strategy for through-life engineering services and the key research needs will be discussed.

Professor Rajkumar Roy

Professor Roy has led Competitive Design research at Cranfield for over sixteen years. Competitive Design is a fact-based approach to studying the whole life of technology intensive products and services and optimising their design, along with efficient design information and knowledge management. He has advocated creative thinking in higher education and has started a number of new initiatives over last ten years, including setting up the Centre for Competitive Creative Design (C4D), a £5.5 million investment from HEFCE, Cranfield University, UAL and EEDA. The Centre aims to embed design thinking across enterprises to improve their creativity and make them more competitive. This is an initiative to link design with science, technology and management. Professor Roy has over 16 years experience in building high performance teams and leading collaborative research and development with industry. In recognition of his leadership, organisational ability and international reputation, he is also elected President of the Association of Cost Engineers (ACostE) (2008-2010) and a Fellow of CIRP. Previously, Professor Roy worked in TELCO (now TATA Motors) for three years and was selected as the Best Graduate Engineer Trainee in 1990. He studied Production Engineering for BEng and MEng at Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India and MSc (Intelligent Systems) and PhD (Design Optimisation and Soft Computing) from University of Plymouth, UK.

Through-life Engineering Services - Now and the Future

High value and long life equipments require through-life engineering services (TES) during their life cycle to achieve required performance with optimum through-life cost. The future global market size for such a ‘service and support’ sector is predicted to be £710 billion by 2025. The keynote will give an international perspective of TES and present the current state of research in technology and management for TES. Business model evolution and business drivers determine the nature of the knowledge required and the technological solutions. Research challenges in TES will also be identified. The future of TES across industrial sectors within the Industry 4.0 context also identifies the role of IoT, standards and cyber security.



























































































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